Black Americans : research on drugs and drug-related crime

selected references, 1988-1992
  • 4.69 MB
  • English

Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress , [Washington, D.C.]
African Americans -- Drug abuse -- Bibliography, African American criminals -- Bibliography, Drug abuse and crime -- United States -- Bibliog
StatementTangela G. Roe
SeriesMajor studies and issue briefs of the Congressional Research Service -- 1992, reel 10, fr. 00005
ContributionsLibrary of Congress. Congressional Research Service
The Physical Object
Pagination8 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15459986M

Drug-related crime can disrupt neighborhoods due to violence among drug dealers, threats to residents, and the crimes of the addicts themselves.

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In some neighborhoods, younger children are recruited as lookouts and helpers because of the lighter sentences given to juvenile offenders, and guns have become commonplace among children and adolescents. Get this from a library. Black Americans: research on drugs and drug-related crime: selected references, [Tangela G Roe; Library of Congress.

Congressional Research Service.].

Description Black Americans : research on drugs and drug-related crime PDF

This site summarizes U.S. statistics about drug-related crimes, law enforcement, courts, and corrections from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and non-BJS sources (See Drug data produced by BJS below).

It updates the information published in Drugs and Crime Facts,(NCJ ) and will be revised as new information becomes available. African Americans and whites use drugs at similar rates, but the imprisonment rate of African Americans for drug charges is almost 6 times that of whites.

African Americans represent % of illicit drug users, but 29% of those arrested for drug offenses and 33% of those incarcerated in state facilities for drug offenses. ILLEGAL DRUGS, ALCOHOL, AND VIOLENT CRIME. While the association of alcohol, drug use, and violent crime enjoys a long research history, it is only in recent years that direct measures of this relationship (e.g., physical drug tests and officially known Cited by: Black and white Americans sell and use drugs at similar rates, but black Americans are times as likely to be arrested for drug-related offenses.

The disparate criminal justice experience of black Americans has played an important role in reform discussions. Drug Use Among Racial/Ethnic Minorities NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Overview of Drug Use and Drug-Related Problems Table 19 Percentage of African American and white 12th graders who reported recently using or not using cigarettes and other selected substances.

From police to parole, black and white Americans differ widely in their views of criminal justice system Attitudes vary considerably by race on issues including crime, policing, the death penalty, parole decisions and voting : Amina Dunn.

* A growing share of African Americans have been arrested for drug crimes, yet African Americans are no more likely than whites to sell or use drugs. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, among youths aged 12 to 17, the rate of current illicit drug use was % among whites, and % among African Americans.

In a previous year, the same survey found that white youth aged 12 to17 are more than a third more likely to have sold drugs than African American : Van Jones.

drug offenses are Black or Latino. 18 Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Bureau of Justice Statistics Widely adopted in the s and ‘90s, mandatory minimum sentencing laws have contributed greatly to the number of people of color behind bars Research shows that prosecutors are twice as. If the real goal of the War on Drugs was to target, convict and incarcerate subversive anti-war “hippies” and black Americans, as Ehrlichman describes it.

surge is non-violent drug-related arrests. The “War on Drugs” has contributed to a sense in many poor black communities of unfair and systematic persecution by the criminal justice system. One of the most prominent themes in the qualitative inter-view data Clear reports is the sense of frustration that police do not respond to real.

While blacks make up 13 percent of the U.S. population and 14 percent of monthly drug users, they comprise 34 percent of individuals arrested for drug offenses and more than half (53 percent) of individuals imprisoned for drug-related offenses, according to the American Bar Association.

In other words, black drug users are four times more Author: Nadra Kareem Nittle. In some states, African Americans comprise 80%% of all drug offenders sent to prison.

This is the point at which I am typically interrupted and reminded that black men. Nonetheless, African Americans are disproportionately targeted, arrested, and jailed for drug related crimes.

People use the pathological stereotype of the Black junkie or drug dealer to. Inthe black arrest rate in Massachusetts was times the white arrest rate. Init was times the white arrest rate.

Now, the importance of the disparity diminishes when overall. According to the US Department of Justice more African Americans have sentences for drug convictions (of more than one year) in state prisons than any other offense. ApproximatelyBlacks were under state jurisdiction for drugs accounting for % of all Black state inmates in December This is higher than the % of all inmates.

Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America adds more layers to this case. (A full review of the book can be found in the upcoming June issue of this magazine.) The author, James Forman Jr., is a Yale University law professor and the son of a civil-rights icon.

Cocaine is a stimulant drug that’s made from the leaves of the South American coca plant. For thousands of years, indigenous people in the. This article would be of interest to researchers looking for information on African American drug users and any HIV/AIDS research that has been done on that group.

This article was found using Academic Search Premier, searching for the terms ((DE "DRUG abuse") or (DE "DRUG abuse & crime")) and (DE "AFRICAN Americans"). Although the "black drug user" stereotype is heavily associated with young African Americans, a survey using self-reported data found African American young people less likely to use illegal drugs than other racial groups in the U.S.

According to Michelle Alexander, the disproportionate mass incarceration of African Americans in drug-related offenses is caused by racial bias within the criminal justice.

Slideshow for more detail on the War on Drugs. The second myth: Private prisons are the corrupt heart of mass incarceration. In fact, less than 9% of all incarcerated people are held in private prisons; the vast majority are in publicly-owned prisons and jails.

6 Some states have more people in private prisons than others, of course, and the industry has lobbied to maintain high levels. As ofmore than 80% of Americans sentenced under federal crack cocaine laws were African-Americans, according to the Sentencing Project, which also has found black drug offenders have a 20%.

The social mobility of black Americans has suffered collateral damage from the “War on Drugs.” Being convicted of a crime has devastating effects on Author: Jonathan Rothwell. Drug-related crime. Rockville, MD: Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse.

E-mail Citation» Defines various potential drug-crime relationships and provides statistical data pertaining to those relationships.

Available online. Tonry, Michael, and James Q. Wilson, eds. Drugs and crime. Vol. 13 of Crime and justice: A review of research. A paper stated that drug use rates among Blacks (%) were comparable to those among Whites (%), meaning that, since there are far more White Americans than Black Americans, 72% of illegal drug users in America are white, while only 15% are black.

According to Michelle Alexander, the author of The New Jim Crow and a professor of law at. White Americans are more likely than black Americans to have used most kinds of illegal drugs, including cocaine, marijuana and LSD. Yet blacks are far more likely to go to prison for drug offenses.

Details Black Americans : research on drugs and drug-related crime FB2

This discrepancy forms the backdrop of a new legislative proposal in California, which aims to reduce the disproportionate incarceration of black. Explanations for HIV/AIDS often focus on individual risk behaviors, with Black-White disparities in HIV/AIDS viewed as the result of race differences in risk behaviors related to drug use or sex.

Yet in general, African Americans report less risky drug use and sexual behaviors Cited by: Today, Latino and especially black communities are still subject to wildly disproportionate drug enforcement and sentencing practices.

Nixon and the Generation Gap. In the s, as drugs became symbols of youthful rebellion, social upheaval, and political dissent, the government halted scientific research to evaluate their medical safety and. The data from reveals that black Americans are over-represented in terms of arrests made in virtually all types of crime, with the exceptions of "driving under the influence", "liquor laws" and hate crime.

Overall, black Americans are arrested at times the per-capita rate of all other Americans, and this ratio is even higher for murder.The net result is that more black than white Americans are doing time for drug offenses in a country in which only percent of the population is black.

The arrest and incarceration disparities File Size: KB.According to the ACLU’s original analysis, marijuana arrests now account for over half of all drug arrests in the United States.

Of the million marijuana arrests between and88% were for simply having marijuana. Nationwide, the arrest data revealed one consistent trend: significant racial : ACLU Staff.